Supination, or underpronation, occurs when your body weight shifts to the outer edges of your feet during walking or running. In a normal stride, your foot should gently roll inward, or pronate, distributing your weight evenly across the ball of the foot, and pushing off using the big toe. In supination, most of the weight is on the outer edge, with push-off from the outer toes. These faulty foot mechanics can have significant implications for overall health. Excessive supination can lead to issues such as back and hip pain, knee stress, ankle injuries, and heel pain. The abnormal weight distribution also increases the risk of chronic pain and injuries, and makes you more susceptible to ankle problems and other foot conditions. Supination can result from inherited structural problems in the foot, like high arches. Weakness in the muscles of the foot, ankle, and leg can also contribute. Footwear that lacks sufficient support, body misalignment, or prior foot injuries that have damaged tendons or muscles can also be factors. To address problems caused by excessive supination, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can diagnose your structural foot problems, perform a gait analysis, and provide appropriate treatment options.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Montgomery, AL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.