Tuesday, 05 March 2024 00:00

Symptoms and Risk Factors of Bunions

Bunions are common foot deformities that can be recognized by the formation of a bony bump at the base of the big toe. The tip of the toe is then pushed in the opposite direction, toward the smaller toes. A bunion is often accompanied by pain, inflammation, restricted toe movement, and the development of calluses or corns. While anyone can develop a bunion, certain risk factors heighten susceptibility. Wearing ill-fitting footwear, particularly high heels or narrow shoes, exerts pressure on the toes and contributes to bunion formation. Additionally, genetic predispositions play a significant role, with family history indicating a higher likelihood of developing foot structure abnormalities that may lead to bunions. Various foot conditions such as flat feet, low arches, or previous foot injuries increase the risk. Medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and connective tissue disorders are often associated with bunions. If you or your child show a tendency toward developing a bunion, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an evaluation and recommended treatment measures. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Montgomery Foot Care Specialists. our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Montgomery, AL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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